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Ukuhlolwa Kwesivinini Se-Inthanethi

Kuyini ukuhlolwa kwe-intanethi?

Ukuhlolwa kwejubane le-intanethi kuyinkqubo yokuhlaziya imingcele yokuxhumeka kwe-broadband ngokuthumela ifayela elincane kusuka kuseva nokulinganisa isikhathi esithatha ukulanda bese ulayisha ifayela emuva kuseva. Ngandlela-thile, imingcele efana ne-jitter kanye nokulahlekelwa kwepakethe nayo ingabalwa. Okunye ukuhlolwa kwejubane nakho kuyalinganisa i-ping, okuyisikhathi sokuba umyalezo wenze uhambo oluzungezayo kusukela kumthumeli ukuya endaweni oya kuyo nangemuva, ngokuthumela iphakethe le-Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) le-echo isicelo.

Ukuhlolwa kwejubane kunazo zonke kunamaseva amanengi amaningi emhlabeni jikelele, okuvumela umsebenzisi ukuthi avivinye isivinini se-intanethi ezindaweni ezahlukene. Kungcono ukuhlola isivinini ngesiphakeli esiseduze nesiphakeli sewebhu noma isicelo sewebhu esisetshenziswayo; kungenjalo, isivinini esibikiwe asibonakali isivinini sokusebenza sangempela somsebenzisi.

Kuyini i-Ping?

I-ping yinkathi yokusabela kokuxhumeka kwakho-ukuthi uthola ngokushesha impendulo ngemuva kokuthi uthumele isicelo. I-ping esheshayo isho uxhumano oluthe xaxa, ikakhulukazi kuzicelo lapho ukukhipha isikhathi kunakho konke (njengemidlalo yevidiyo). I-Ping ilinganiswa ngama-millisecond (ms).

Kuyini Ukusheshisa Okusheshayo?

Isivinini sokulanda ukuthi ungashesha kanjani ukudonsa idatha kusuka kuseva kuwe. Ukuxhumeka okuningi kuhloswe ukulanda ngokushesha kunalokho abalayishayo, njengoba iningi lomsebenzi we-Inthanethi, njengokulayisha amakhasi wewebhu noma amavidiyo asakaza, aqukethe ukulandwa. Ijubane lokulanda lilinganiselwe kuma-megabits ngomzuzwana (Mbps).

Kuyini Ukusheshisa Okulayishayo?

Ijubane lokulayisha ukuthi uthumela ngokushesha kangakanani idatha kusuka kuwe kwabanye. Ukulayisha kuyadingeka ekuthumeleni amafayela amakhulu nge-imeyili, noma ngokusebenzisa ingxoxo yevidiyo ukuze ukhulume nomunye umuntu ku-intanethi (njengoba kufanele uthumele ukudla kwakho kwevidiyo kubo). Ijubane lokulayisha lilinganiselwe kuma-megabits ngesigamu (Mbps).